Step 3: Living with

Eczema is a complex condition involving more than just the skin, and living with it can be challenging. On the surface, it causes the skin to become itchy and dry, but it can often have an invisible impact - such as causing problems with sleep or difficulty concentrating.

Many people have their first signs of eczema as children, often before reaching the age of five. For others, eczema symptoms could just appear at a random point in their adult lives.

Science continues to explore the complex causes of the condition, which include the immune system and genetic factors interacting with environmental triggers.

With ongoing research and scientific advancements over the years, there are now multiple management options which may be appropriate for people living with AD.

Guidance on how to manage your skin 

Additional Resources 

Symptoms of eczema


With atopic dermatitis, itching can be an ever-present symptom that can:

vary in intensity
vary in severity
trigger the vicious ‘itch- scratch cycle’

Visible symptoms, that may come and go, include:

• red and dry skin
• cracked skin
• flaking patches
• thickening and scaling
• bleeding and oozing

Atopic dermatitis can also have significant on-going invisible impacts, including:

• anxiety
• depression
• self-consciousness
• lack of concentration


Date of preparation: June 2023 | IE-ABBV-230034

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